With a practice that combines refined techniques of miniature painting and traditional production methods, Khadim Ali has forged an international reputation with a practice that is deeply informed by his own biographical narrative and understanding of historical Middle Eastern literature. As a Hazara, Ali’s family lived in exile in Pakistan, after escaping Taliban persecution in Afghanistan, and his practice reflects upon such historical and present power struggles within the region. His practice is often referenced through the Shahnameh, the Persian Book of Kings, an epic poem composed between 977 and 1010, to consider the rich, complicated and fraught tapestry of global history, in art, as it is in life.